Gate Of Babylon

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Gate Of Babylon Pergamonmuseum: Current exhibitions

Das Blaue Tor von Babylon ist der dritte Comic des britischen Schriftstellers Paul Pickering. Es wurde von Chatto & Windus und Penguin Books in Großbritannien und Random House in den USA veröffentlicht. The Blue Gate of Babylon (Penguin fiction) | Pickering, Paul | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch. The Blue Gate of Babylon | Paul Pickering | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Title: Model of the Processional Way and the Ischtar Gate of Babylon (1: scale); Creator: Unknown; Location: Finding Place: Babili Finding Place modern:​. The Ishtar Gate was one of a total of five gates of Babylon, located at the river Euphrates in today's Iraq. It served as the northern gate, the smaller in contrast to​.

Gate Of Babylon

Processional Way the of Ishtar Gate - [email protected]: The Ishtar Gate and the Processional Way leading up to it, belonged to one of the city gates of Babylon, which. The Blue Gate of Babylon | Paul Pickering | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. When,, Darius Hystaspes besieged Babylon, the Belidian and Cissian lead, the gates of Babylon are instances of this, and the very gate next the Belidian was. Gate Of Babylon

Gate Of Babylon Video

It was under his rule that Babylon became one of the most splendid cities of the ancient world. He ordered the complete reconstruction of the imperial grounds, including rebuilding the Etemenanki ziggurat the Temple of Marduk and is also credited with the construction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon — said to have been built for his homesick wife Amyitis.

A modern recreation of the famous Ishtar Gates of Babylon, showing some of the splendor of the city. Image source. The Ishtar Gate measured nearly 12 metres in height and had a vast antechamber of the southern side.

The roof and doors were made of cedar, while the surrounding bricks were furnished with enameled tiles thought to be of lapis lazuli, a deep blue semi-precious stone that has been prized since antiquity for its intense color.

Through the gatehouse was the Processional Way, a red and yellow brick-paved corridor over half a mile long with walls over 15 metres tall on each side.

The walls were adorned with over images of lions, bulls, dragons, and flowers, made from enamelled yellow and brown tiles, as well as inscriptions containing prayers from King Nebuchadnezzar to the chief god Marduk.

It was this processional way that led to the temple of Marduk. Every year, statues of deities were paraded through the Ishtar Gate and down the Processional Way for the New Year's celebration.

Reconstruction of the Processional Way, with sculptural lions, dragons, and bulls lining the path.

Source: Wikipedia. City model of the main procession street Aj-ibur-shapu towards Ishtar Gate in Babylon.

Model at the Pergamon Museum. During the excavations of Babylon, in the immediate vicinity of the Ishtar Gate, numerous fragments of bricks with remains of white-glazed cuneiform characters were found.

The text was restored by comparison with another complete inscription on a lime stone block. It was a dedication by King Nebuchadnezzar II that explained the gate's construction and purpose:.

I, Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, the faithful prince appointed by the will of Marduk, the highest of princely princes, beloved of Nabu, of prudent counsel, who has learned to embrace wisdom, who fathomed their divine being and reveres their majesty, the untiring governor, who always takes to heart the care of the cult of Esagila and Ezida and is constantly concerned with the well-being of Babylon and Borsippa, the wise, the humble, the caretaker of Esagila and Ezida, the firstborn son of Nabopolassar, the King of Babylon.

Both gate entrances of Imgur-Ellil and Nemetti-Ellil following the filling of the street from Babylon had become increasingly lower.

Therefore, I pulled down these gates and laid their foundations at the water table with asphalt and bricks and had them made of bricks with blue stone on which wonderful bulls and dragons were depicted.

I covered their roofs by laying majestic cedars length-wise over them. I hung doors of cedar adorned with bronze at all the gate openings.

I placed wild bulls and ferocious dragons in the gateways and thus adorned them with luxurious splendor so that people might gaze on them in wonder.

I let the temple of Esiskursiskur the highest festival house of Marduk, the Lord of the Gods a place of joy and celebration for the major and minor gods be built firm like a mountain in the precinct of Babylon of asphalt and fired bricks.

Building inscription of King Nebuchadnezzar II. The legendary Ishtar Gate was found to be a historical reality when it was discovered and subsequently excavated between to AD by Robert Koldewey, a German architect and archaeologist made famous for his in-depth excavation of the ancient city of Babylon.

Featured image: Screenshot depicting the Ishtar Gate from the game 0 AD , historical strategy game currently under development by Wildfire Games.

MacAskill, E. Iraq appeals to Berlin for return of Babylon gate. Marduk , the national deity and chief god, is depicted as a dragon with a snake-like head and tail, a scaled body of a lion, and powerful talons for back feet.

Marduk was seen as the divine champion of good against evil, and the incantations of the Babylonians often sought his protection.

The second god shown in the pattern of reliefs on the Ishtar Gate is Adad also known as Ishkur , whose sacred animal was the aurochs , a now-extinct ancestor of cattle.

Adad had power over destructive storms and beneficial rain. The design of the Ishtar gate also includes linear borders and patterns of rosettes, often seen as symbols of fertility.

The bricks of the Ishtar gate were made from finely textured clay pressed into wooden forms. Each of the animal reliefs was also made from bricks formed by pressing clay into reusable molds.

Seams between the bricks were carefully planned not to occur on the eyes of the animals or any other aesthetically unacceptable places.

The bricks were sun-dried and then fired once before glazing. The clay was brownish red in this bisque-fired state.

The background glazes are mainly a vivid blue, which imitates the color of the highly prized lapis lazuli. Gold and brown glazes are used for animal images.

The borders and rosettes are glazed in black, white, and gold. It is believed that the glaze recipe used plant ash, sandstone conglomerates, and pebbles for silicates.

This combination was repeatedly melted, cooled, and then pulverized. This mixture of silica and fluxes is called a frit. Color-producing minerals, such as cobalt, were added in the final glaze formulations.

This was then painted onto the bisque-fired bricks and fired to a higher temperature in a glaze firing.

After the glaze firing, the bricks were assembled, leaving narrow horizontal seams from one to six millimeters. The seams were then sealed with a naturally occurring black viscous substance called bitumen , like modern asphalt.

The Ishtar Gate is only one small part of the design of ancient Babylon that also included the palace, temples, an inner fortress, walls, gardens, other gates, and the Processional Way.

The lavish city was decorated with over 15 million baked bricks, according to estimates. Once per year, the Ishtar Gate and connecting Processional Way were used for a New Year's procession, which was part of a religious festival celebrating the beginning of the agricultural year.

In Babylon, the rituals surrounding this holiday lasted twelve days. The New Year's celebrations started immediately after the barley harvest, at the time of the vernal equinox.

This was the first day of the ancient month of Nisan, equivalent to today's date of March 20 or The Processional Way, which has been traced to a length of over half a mile, extended north from the Ishtar Gate and was designed with brick relief images of lions, the symbol of the goddess Ishtar also known as Inanna the war goddess, the dragon of Marduk, the lord of the gods, and the bull of Adad, the storm god.

Symbolized by the star and her sacred animal, the lion, she was also the goddess of war and the protector of ruling dynasties and their armies.

The idea of protection of the city is further incorporated into this gateway design by the use of crenelated buttresses along both sides to this entrance into the city.

Friezes with sixty ferocious lions representing Ishtar decorated each side of the Processional Way, designed with variations in the color of the fur and the manes.

On the east side, they had a left foot forward, and on the west side, they had the right foot forward. Each lion was made of forty-six molded bricks in eleven rows.

Having a white body and yellow mane, the lion of Ishtar was an embodiment of vivid naturalism that further enhanced the glory of Babylon's Procession Street.

The purpose of the New Year's holiday was to affirm the supremacy of Marduk and his representative on Earth, the king, and to offer thanks for the fertility of the land.

The Processional Way was paved with large stone pieces set in a bed of bitumen and was up to 66 feet wide at some points.

This street ran from the Euphrates through the temple district and palaces and onto the Ishtar Gate. The inscription of the Ishtar Gate is written in Akkadian cuneiform in white and blue glazed bricks and was a dedication by Nebuchadnezzar to explain the gate's purpose.

On the wall of the Ishtar Gate, the inscription is 15 meters tall by 10 meters wide and includes 60 lines of writing.

The inscription was created around the same time as the gate's construction, around — BCE. Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, the pious prince appointed by the will of Marduk, the highest priestly prince, beloved of Nabu, of prudent deliberation, who has learnt to embrace wisdom, who fathomed Their Marduk and Nabu godly being and pays reverence to their Majesty, the untiring Governor, who always has at heart the care of the cult of Esagila and Ezida and is constantly concerned with the well being of Babylon and Borsippa, the wise, the humble, the caretaker of Esagila and Ezida, the first born son of Nabopolassar, the King of Babylon, am I.

Both gate entrances of the city walls Imgur-Ellil and Nemetti-Ellil following the filling of the street from Babylon had become increasingly lower.

The crowd picture is actually from a Rush concert, with the wording on the banner the fans were actually holding replaced by the Rainbow album title and the visible Rush T-shirts airbrushed to black.

Geoff Ginsberg of AllMusic wrote that Long Live Rock 'n' Roll "would turn out to be the last great album Rainbow would ever make, although they did enjoy a great deal of chart success in the post-Dio era.

The album, among other Rainbow releases, is often cited as a strong influence on formation of the power metal genre, especially on its fantasy-themed lyrics and aesthetics.

All lyrics by Dio. These two singles were also re-released in the UK in July From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from Gates of Babylon. Connection" Music Legends. Retrieved 28 May All Media Network. Retrieved 5 December Archived from the original on 20 September Retrieved 2 June Official Charts Company.

Retrieved 26 November GfK Dutch Charts in Dutch. Media Control Charts. Retrieved 6 December Library and Archives Canada.

Archived from the original on 11 December

Gate Of Babylon Video

Sie befinden sich hier: Startseite English Museums. Kunsthaus Dahlem is an exhibition venue for postwar German modernism East and West. Contemporary Art Presented: G-Sponsors. This international community of artists Eurolotto Auszahlung has about members and includes the sections fine arts, architecture, music, literature, performing arts, as well as go here and media art. Located at the edge of the Grunewald, the building was open as an exhibition venue in summer after a renovation and dismantling in accordance with historic preservation standards. In addition to the main building, the Akademie der Künste at Hanseatenweg is also an important location for exhibitions, events click meetings. Kunsthaus Dahlem is an exhibition venue for postwar German modernism East and West. Um zu erfahren, wie sie dorthin gelangen, klicken Sie bitte click at this page den Link unterhalb des beschreibenden Textes. They were created as shown here under the command of Nebukadnezar Click to see more bc. The works of art originate from the vast area stretching from These included Ishtar, Adad, and Marduk. The great and powerful Xiongnu. Source Metropolitan Museum of Art. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Each of the animal reliefs was also made from bricks formed by pressing clay into reusable molds. Which is the point, I'm sure. The text was restored by comparison with another complete inscription on a lime stone block.

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SCHLESISCHE LOTTERIE Antique Flirt Free. If you have any questions regarding click, please contact the respective organizer directly or visit the website of the event location. With an annual figure of 1. The museum is located on Käuzchensteig in Berlin-Dahlem.
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Chrome Flash Immer ZulaГџen The construction of the Processional See more and the Ishtar Gate took place in several phases, especially during the extension of the Royal Go here under the command of Nebukadnezar II between until b. Founded inthe Akademie der Künste Academy of Arts in Berlin is one of the oldest cultural institutes in Europe. One essential area of concentration of the exhibition venue is the presentation of sculpture, Kliniken Spielsucht by painting, prints and drawings, and photography. Built out of Clay tiles with glaze on every tile. It served as the northern gate, the smaller in Lotto MillionГ¤r Deutschland to the southern gate located directly behind it, which had even greater dimensions and was made from cedar wood. Address Am Kupfergraben 5. The particular artistic works of master craftsmen can be seen in the gates and walls, in the creation of decorative clay bricks, on which lions, snake-like creatures, bulls, flowers and further elements were modelled in relief and subsequently glazed.
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Processional Way the of Ishtar Gate - [email protected]: The Ishtar Gate and the Processional Way leading up to it, belonged to one of the city gates of Babylon, which. The Ishtar Gate was embellished with blue, glazed tiling. The Greek historian Herodotus wrote about the city Babylon, that no other city he knew, was so big and so. Ishtar Gate of Babylon. The Pergamon Museum's monumental highlights are truly breathtaking to behold. In the Collection of Classical. In the time of Saddam Hussein, then, the treatment of Babylon was cavalier, to one of the mušh ̆uššu (dragon) figures in the foundations of the Ishtar Gate. When,, Darius Hystaspes besieged Babylon, the Belidian and Cissian lead, the gates of Babylon are instances of this, and the very gate next the Belidian was. They had to take into account that the bricks shrunk during the firing process and ensure that no brick joints ran through any relevant motif areas. They were created as shown here under the command of Nebukadnezar II bc. With an annual figure of 1. The museum is located on Käuzchensteig in Berlin-Dahlem. Kunsthaus Dahlem is an exhibition venue for postwar German modernism East and West. Since its inception, 25 years ago, KW has Skatkarten Anzahl itself, not only article source an institution, but also as a dynamic and lively space for progressive practices within the Berlin art scene, as well as in an international context. To find out how to get there, please click the link below the description. KW Institute for Contemporary Art aims to approach the central questions of our times through the production, display, and dissemination of contemporary art. Send Cancel. Contemporary Art Presented: G-Sponsors. City map. One essential area of concentration of the exhibition venue is the presentation of sculpture, supplemented by painting, prints and drawings, and photography. Modernism Periods: Presented: G-Sponsors. This one includes the various archive buildings with their important collections. Such textiles still make up a major part of the exhibition, with colourful examples from Iran, Asia Remarkable, Beste Spielothek in Neuburghausen finden recommend, Egypt and the Caucuses on view. In addition to the main building, the Akademie der Künste at Hanseatenweg is also an important location for exhibitions, events and meetings. April Since its inception, 25 years ago, KW has established itself, not only as an institution, but also as a dynamic and lively space for progressive practices within the Berlin art scene, as well as in an international context. The construction of the Processional Way and the Ishtar Gate took place in several phases, especially during the extension of the Royal Palace under the command of Nebukadnezar II between until b. City model of the main procession street Aj-ibur-shapu towards Ishtar Gate in Babylon. Dhl Paket Anmelden at the Pergamon Museum. GfK Dutch Charts [7]. Album Year Chart Position All Media Network. Archived from the original on 11 December Rich's topographical records of the ruins in Babylon were the first ever published, in

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Since its inception, 25 years ago, KW has established itself, not only as an institution, but also as a dynamic and lively space for progressive practices within the Berlin art scene, as see more as in an international context. In addition, the VBK cooperates with national and international organizations and implements art projects in Germany and abroad. Send Cancel. As an institution for contemporary art without a collection of thank Erfahrung Mit Paypal can own, the team at KW maintains a high degree of flexibility in creating https://healthwars.co/online-free-casino/openiv-chip.php programs and addressing its audience. The building is barrier-free. The particular artistic works of master craftsmen read more be seen in the gates and walls, in the creation of decorative clay bricks, on which lions, snake-like creatures, bulls, flowers and further Potsdamer Platz Г¶ffnungszeiten were modelled in relief and subsequently WСЊrglberg finden Beste Spielothek in. Visitors can experience the antiquity through the reconstructions of momentous archaeological construction ensembles. Such textiles still make up a major part of the exhibition, with colourful examples from Iran, Asia Minor, Egypt and the Caucuses on view. April Gate Of Babylon

The magnificent gate, which was dedicated to the Babylonian goddess Ishtar, was once included among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World until it was replaced by the Lighthouse of Alexandria in the 3 rd century BC.

Today, a reconstruction of the Ishtar Gate, using original bricks, is located at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.

The Babylonians had risen to power in the late 7th century and were heirs of the urban traditions which had long existed in southern Mesopotamia.

They eventually ruled an empire as dominant in the Near East as that held by the Assyrians before them. This period is called the Neo-Babylonian Empire because Babylon had also risen to power earlier and became an independent city-state, most famously during the reign of King Hammurabi - BC.

With the recovery of Babylonian independence under Nabopolassar a new era of architectural activity ensued, and his son Nebuchadnezzar II made Babylon into one of the wonders of the ancient world.

It was under his rule that Babylon became one of the most splendid cities of the ancient world. He ordered the complete reconstruction of the imperial grounds, including rebuilding the Etemenanki ziggurat the Temple of Marduk and is also credited with the construction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon — said to have been built for his homesick wife Amyitis.

A modern recreation of the famous Ishtar Gates of Babylon, showing some of the splendor of the city. Image source.

The Ishtar Gate measured nearly 12 metres in height and had a vast antechamber of the southern side. The roof and doors were made of cedar, while the surrounding bricks were furnished with enameled tiles thought to be of lapis lazuli, a deep blue semi-precious stone that has been prized since antiquity for its intense color.

Through the gatehouse was the Processional Way, a red and yellow brick-paved corridor over half a mile long with walls over 15 metres tall on each side.

The walls were adorned with over images of lions, bulls, dragons, and flowers, made from enamelled yellow and brown tiles, as well as inscriptions containing prayers from King Nebuchadnezzar to the chief god Marduk.

It was this processional way that led to the temple of Marduk. Every year, statues of deities were paraded through the Ishtar Gate and down the Processional Way for the New Year's celebration.

Reconstruction of the Processional Way, with sculptural lions, dragons, and bulls lining the path.

Source: Wikipedia. City model of the main procession street Aj-ibur-shapu towards Ishtar Gate in Babylon. Model at the Pergamon Museum.

During the excavations of Babylon, in the immediate vicinity of the Ishtar Gate, numerous fragments of bricks with remains of white-glazed cuneiform characters were found.

The text was restored by comparison with another complete inscription on a lime stone block. It was a dedication by King Nebuchadnezzar II that explained the gate's construction and purpose:.

I, Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, the faithful prince appointed by the will of Marduk, the highest of princely princes, beloved of Nabu, of prudent counsel, who has learned to embrace wisdom, who fathomed their divine being and reveres their majesty, the untiring governor, who always takes to heart the care of the cult of Esagila and Ezida and is constantly concerned with the well-being of Babylon and Borsippa, the wise, the humble, the caretaker of Esagila and Ezida, the firstborn son of Nabopolassar, the King of Babylon.

Both gate entrances of Imgur-Ellil and Nemetti-Ellil following the filling of the street from Babylon had become increasingly lower.

Therefore, I pulled down these gates and laid their foundations at the water table with asphalt and bricks and had them made of bricks with blue stone on which wonderful bulls and dragons were depicted.

I covered their roofs by laying majestic cedars length-wise over them. I hung doors of cedar adorned with bronze at all the gate openings.

I placed wild bulls and ferocious dragons in the gateways and thus adorned them with luxurious splendor so that people might gaze on them in wonder.

I let the temple of Esiskursiskur the highest festival house of Marduk, the Lord of the Gods a place of joy and celebration for the major and minor gods be built firm like a mountain in the precinct of Babylon of asphalt and fired bricks.

Building inscription of King Nebuchadnezzar II. The legendary Ishtar Gate was found to be a historical reality when it was discovered and subsequently excavated between to AD by Robert Koldewey, a German architect and archaeologist made famous for his in-depth excavation of the ancient city of Babylon.

Featured image: Screenshot depicting the Ishtar Gate from the game 0 AD , historical strategy game currently under development by Wildfire Games.

MacAskill, E. Iraq appeals to Berlin for return of Babylon gate. The Guardian. Encyclopedia Britannica Ishtar Gate.

The Ishtar Gate. For privacy reasons, she has previously written on Ancient Origins under the pen name April Holloway, but is now choosing to use her real name, Joanna Gillan.

Imagine coming upon the gates for the first time as an outsider; you would be stunned. Which is the point, I'm sure. This is a common misconception, while rulers typically associated themselves with gods claiming their descent from them as well as adding the honorific for God "dingir" to their names there was still a major difference between the two.

Though there does seem to be room for a transformation into divinity as Gilgamesh becomes an underworld judge. I covered their roofs by laying majestic cedars lengthwise over them.

I fixed doors of cedar wood adorned with bronze at all the gate openings. I placed wild bulls and ferocious dragons in the gateways and thus adorned them with luxurious splendor so that Mankind might gaze on them in wonder.

I let the temple of Esiskursiskur, the highest festival house of Marduk, the lord of the gods, a place of joy and jubilation for the major and minor deities, be built firm like a mountain in the precinct of Babylon of asphalt and fired bricks.

A reconstruction of the Ishtar Gate and Processional Way was built at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin out of material excavated by Robert Koldewey and finished in the s.

Claudius James Rich, British resident of Baghdad and a self-taught historian, did personal research on Babylon because it intrigued him.

Acting as a scholar and collecting field data, he was determined to discover the wonders to the ancient world. Rich's topographical records of the ruins in Babylon were the first ever published, in It was reprinted in England no fewer than three times.

Rich and most other 19th-century visitors thought a mound in Babylon was a royal palace, and that was eventually confirmed by Robert Koldewey's excavations, who found two palaces of King Nebuchadnezzar and the Ishtar Gate.

Koldewey's part in Babylon's excavation began in The method that the British were comfortable with was excavating tunnels and deep trenches, which was damaging the mud brick architecture of the foundation.

Instead, it was suggested that the excavation team focus on tablets and other artefacts rather than pick at the crumbling buildings. Despite the destructive nature of the archaeology used, the recording of data was immensely more thorough than in previous Mesopotamian excavations.

Walter Andre, one of Koldewey's many assistants, was an architect and a draftsman, the first at Babylon.

His contribution was documentation and reconstruction of Babylon. A small museum was built at the site, and Andre was the museum's first director.

One of the most complex and impressive architectural reconstructions in the history of archaeology was the rebuilding of Babylon's Ishtar Gate and Processional Way in Berlin.

Hundreds of crates of glazed brick fragments were carefully desalinated and then pieced together. Fragments were combined with new bricks baked in a specially designed kiln to re-create the correct color and finish.

It was a double gate; the part that is shown in the Pergamon Museum today is the smaller, frontal part. Parts of the gate and lions from the Processional Way are in various other museums around the world.

Only four museums acquired dragons, while lions went to several museums. The Istanbul Archaeology Museum has lions, dragons, and bulls.

Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek in Copenhagen, Denmark, has one lion, one dragon and one bull. The Detroit Institute of Arts houses a dragon.

One of the processional lions was recently loaned by Berlin's Vorderasiatisches Museum to the British Museum.

A smaller reproduction of the gate was built in Iraq under Saddam Hussein as the entrance to a museum that has not been completed.

Along with the restored palace, the gate was completed in The construction was meant to emulate the techniques that were used for the original gate.

The replica appears similar to the restored original but is notably smaller. The purpose of the replica's construction was an attempt to reconnect to Iraq's history.

Mesopotamian lions and flowers decorated the processional street. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Eighth gate to the inner city of Babylon.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

This section needs additional citations for verification. The replica Ishtar Gate, much smaller than the original, in Babylon in Retrieved Gardner's Art Through the Ages.

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Retrieved 11 August Handbook to Life in Ancient Mesopotamia. Oxford University Press.

Ceramics Technical. Retrieved 21 Nov October The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Art History. Upper Saddle River: Pearson. Mesopotamia: Ancient Art and Architecture.

London: Thames and Hudson Ltd. Babylon und das Neujahrsfest. National Geographic. Retrieved 14 May Archaeological Dialogues. Archived from the original on January 27, The New York Times.

Retrieved November 26, Hidden categories: CS1: long volume value Articles with short description Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Articles containing Arabic-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles with unsourced statements from November Commons category link from Wikidata Coordinates on Wikidata.

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